Editorial guidelines

Bladder Stones

Bladder Stones

Both humans and animals can get bladder stones, and if you’ve ever experienced bladder stones, you’ll know how painful they can be.

Goji the dog (pictured) recently presented to Sydney Animal Hospitals after his owners noticed that he was straining to urinate, as well as trying to urinate frequently and the urine he was passing was tinged with blood.

During his physical examination it was suspected that Goji was suffering from bladder stones, which was then confirmed with an x-ray.

Depending on their size and amount, surgery is often indicated to remove bladder stones and Goji had surgery to remove his.

Bladder stones are mineral deposits or crystals that accumulate over weeks or months as a result of disease, inflammation in the urinary system or sometimes diet – resulting in elevated levels of stone-forming crystalline compounds in the urine. It’s a condition which can affect both dogs and cats.

Dogs or cats with bladder stones often display blood in their urine or have difficulty urinating – straining, and often only passing small amounts of blood tinged urine.

Bladder stones can also sometimes cause an obstruction – this is mainly in male dogs and cats, where the stones or crystals have to travel out the narrow urethra when the animal urinates. A blocked bladder is a potentially life threatening condition and requires urgent veterinary intervention.

In addition to considering surgery, management of bladder stones involves treatment with pain relief and antibiotic medications. A urine test can be performed to determine the type of crystals which are present in the bladder, as different types often require slightly different management. Vets may also often recommend a special type of diet which can help to prevent the crystals from forming in the bladder.

If you have any further questions about bladder stones in pets, please speak with one of the veterinary team at your local Sydney Animal Hospitals Kellyville 8883 0533 or Norwest 8883 0411.

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